World Heart Day
September 29, 2016
This world heart day know some facts:
Heart disease or cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is number 1 cause of death worldwide.
It has caused 31% global deaths.
The four leading cause of deaths are:
- CVD —Over 17 million deaths annually
- Cancers — 8.2 million
- Respiratory diseases —4 million
- Diabetes —1.5 million
Low and middle-income countries most affected by CVD deaths ( account for 80% of CVD deaths worldwide – unfortunate inequality), both in men and women.
On an average, Indians suffer from heart disease about a decade before their western counterparts.
Ageing populations + urbanisation + inadequate prevention = cardiovascular epidemic
The commonest causes of heart disease are as follows:
- Smoking (15% – Indian population that smokes tobacco)
- Physical inactivity
- Alcohol consumption
How Can You Avoid Heart Disease?
Prevention is our best chance
- Stop smoking. Not only will it prevent heart disease, it will also cut down the chances of cancer , stroke, and respiratory disease
- Watch what you eat – avoid fatty food. Don’t eat fast food or food with oil, high level of salt or sugar. Eat a high-fiber diet , rich in fruits & nuts
- Stop consuming alcohol – this will prevent heart disease and high blood pressure
- Get active – exercise daily. do brisk walking daily for at least for half an hour every day
- Get yourself checked for high blood pressure. If you have a high BP , control it by lifestyle modification and properly guided medication
- Get yourself checked for high sugar levels/ diabetes. If you have diabetes, control it by lifestyle modification and properly guided medication. After the age of 20, everybody should get their sugar checked at least 5 yearly.
- Get yourself for high cholesterol and manage it by lifestyle modification. Medications can be used for cholesterol reduction if this doesn’t help.
- It is difficult to manage and cure heart disease, so the best thing is prevention. In case you do have symptoms of heart disease- in the form of breathlessness, chest pain, cough, high/uncontrolled BP or high blood sugar –contact your nearest physician at the earliest.